Rivers in the British Isles, the largest group of islands off the northwest coast of continental Europe: their origin, mouth, lenght
The British Isles possess excellent inland waterways because their rivers are generally smooth-flowing and abundant in water. On the other hand, the wide estuaries of the rivers, with their many inlets, provide safe harborage for ships and are constantly kept free for ocean navigation by the strong tidal currents. These natural advantages have been further exploited by the dredging of river mouths and the addition of a tick network of navigable canals. Most of these rivers in the British Isles form seaports at their estuaries.
The principal rivers of England, from south to north, are:
Medway, Thames, Tees, Wear, Tyne, Severn.
The River Medway
Source: the Ashdown Forest
Mouth: the Thames Estuary, North Sea
Length: 70 miles/112 kilometers
This river flows through West and East Sussex and into Kent, before reaching the Thames estuary. Many tributaries flow into the Medway, as it passes through the High Weald and Vale of Kent. It forms the ports of Rochester, Gillingham and Chatham.
The River Thames
Source: the Cotswold Hills
Mouth: Thames Estuary, North Sea
Length: 215 miles/330 kilometers
It is the longest river in Great Britain. It touches the cities of Oxford, Reading and Windsor, and from the City of London to Tilbury it forms the great Port of London.
The River Tees
Source: eastern slope of Cross Fell in the Pennines
Mouth: North Sea
Length: 85 miles/137 kilometers
It is a river in Northern England. It divides the historic counties of Westmoreland and Durham.
The River Wear
Source: Wearhead, County Durham .
Mouth: Sunderland, North Sea
Length: 60 miles/96 kilometers
It is one of the wonders of Northern England. It is associated with the history of the Industrial Revolution.
The River Tyne
Source: west of Hexham
Mouth: Tynemouth, North Sea, below Newcastle Upon Tyne
Length: 62 miles/99 kilometers
Is a river in North East England, formed by the confluence of two rivers: the North Tyne and the South Tyne.
The River Severn
Source: near the River Wye, on the northeastern slopes of Plynlimon, Wales
Mouth: Severn Estuary
Length: 220 miles/354 kilometers
It is the longest river in England. It flows westwards into the Bristol Channel.Its estuary has a notable tidal bore.
The main rivers of Scotland are:
Tweed, Forth, Tay, Dee on the eastern coast, and Clyde on the western one.
The River Tweed
Source: Tweedsmuir at Tweed's Well
Mouth: North Sea
Length: 97 miles/156 kilometers
It flows primarily through the Borders region of Great Britain.
The River Forth
Source: Loch Ard in the Trossachs
Mouth: Firth of Forth, North Sea
Length: 58 miles/94 kilometers
It is the major river draining the eastern part of the central belt of Scotland. After reaching Kincardine, the river begins to widen into an estuary: the Firth of Forth.
The River Tay
Source: Ben Lui
Mouth: Firth of Tay, North Sea
Length: 73 miles/117 kilometers
It is the longest river in Scotland.
The River Dee
Source: Wells of Dee, Cairngorms
Mouth: the North Sea at Aberdeen
Length: 87 miles/140 kilometers
This is a popular salmon river. It flows through some of the most stunning landscapes in Scotland.
The River Clyde
Source: Lowther Hills in South Lanarkshire
Mouth: Firth of Clyde
Length: 109 miles/176 kilometers
It flows through the major city of Glasgow and discharges to the Atlantic Ocean, on the western coast.
The main river in Ireland is:
The River Shannon
Source: Shannon Pot
Mouth: Shannon Estuary
Length: 240 miles/386 kilometers
It is the longest river. It drains most of the waters of the central plain into the Atlantic Ocean. It divides the west of Ireland from the east and south.
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